Map of Camp Locations in Relation to the Ecology of Kruger Park

This ecology map of Kruger Park describes the location of the various camps in relation to the climate and vegetation. The vegetation determines the type of grazers and browsers likely to inhabit an area, as well their population volume. This in turn prescribes the hunting opportunities of the predators.

Alluvial Plains

The alluvial plans in Kruger Park are found along the main rivers and water courses. They were formed by rivers depositing soils during floods.

Camps: Shingwedzi (Restcamp), Bateleur (Bushveld camp)
Trees: Natal Mahogany, Weeping Tree
Animals: Lion, Leopard, Impala, Kudu, Buffalo, Nyala

Sandveld Communities

The sandveld in Kruger is found mainly in the north. The vegetation ecology is complex with several tree species that are unique to the park.

Camps: Punda Maria (Restcamp), Letaba (Restcamp)
Trees: Mixed Bushwillow, Baobab Sickle Bush, Weeping Wattle, Pod Mahogany
Animals: Lion, Wild Dog, Hyena, Impala, Kudu, Giraffe, Zebra.

Mopane Scrubveld

Camps: Shingwedzi (Restcamp), Letaba (Restcamp), Mopani (Restcamp), Olifants (Restcamp), Roodewal (Bushveld camp), Punda Maria (Restcamp), Sirheni (Bushveld camp).
Trees: Apple leaf, Tamboti, Baobab, Leadwood, Shrub Mopane
Animals: Lion, Cheetah, Steenbok, Elephant, Wildebeest, Zebra, Ostrich

Mopane Savannah

Camps: Punda Maria (Rest Camp)
Trees: Magic Guarri, Tamboti, Mopane
Animals: Lion, Hyena, Wild Dog, Kudu, Elephant, Impala

Mopane Bushwillow Woodlands

Camps: Bateleur (Bushveld camp), Letaba (Restcamp), Boulders (Private camp), Shimuwini (Bushveld camp), Mopani (Restcamp), Olifants (Restcamp), Roodewal (Bushveld camp), Sirheni (Bushveld camp)
Trees: Apple leaf, Mixed Bushwillow, Silver Cluster leaf, Leadwood, Mopane, Mixed Acacias
Animals: Lion, Hyena, Zebra, Impala, Wildebeest, Kudu, Elephant

Lebombo Mountain Bushveld

Camps: Letaba (Restcamp), Olifants (Restcamp), Nwanetsi (Bushveld camp), Lower Sabie (Restcamp)
Trees: Round leaved Teak, Mixed Bushwillow, Baobab, Transvaal Candelabra Tree, Marula, Knob thorn
Animals: Lion, Kudu, Giraffe, Kudu, Zebra, Waterbuck, Klipspringer.

Thorn Veld

Camps: Satara (Restcamp), Boulders (Private camp), Shimuwini (Bushveld camp), Maroela (Restcamp), Orpen (Restcamp), Skukuza (Restcamp), Bateleur (Bushveld camp), Pretoriuskop (Restcamp)
Trees: Round leafed Teak, Buffalothorn, Sycamore Fig, Magic Guarri, Marula, Jackalberry
Animals: Lion, Cheetah, Hyena, Giraffe, Kudu, Impala, Wildebeest, Zebra, Buffalo.

Riverine Communities

Riverine communities are formed alongside rivers and cross through many other landscapes. You will see many different animals coming down to drink along the rivers.

Animals: Leopard, Duiker, Hippo, Waterbuck, Baboon
Camps: Bateleur (Bushveld camp), Orpen (Restcamp), Shingwedzi (Restcamp), Olifants (Restcamp), Shimuwini (Bushveld camp), Balule (Restcamp), Letaba (Restcamp), Skukuza (Restcamp), Lower Sabie (Restcamp), Jakkalsbessie (Bushveld camp)
Trees: Wilddate Palm, Weeping Boer bean, Buffalothorn, Sycamore Fig, Reeds, Jackalberry.

Mixed Bushwillow Woodlands

Animals: Lion, Jackal, Hyena, Kudu, Giraffe, Impala, Zebra, Wildebeest, Sable, White Rhino
Camps: Satara (Restcamp), Orpen (Restcamp), Maroela (Restcamp), Skukuza (Restcamp), Talamati (Bushveld camp), Pretoriuskop (Restcamp), Berg-en-Dal (Restcamp), Jakkalsbessie (Bushveld camp)
Trees: Green Thorn, Mixed Bushwillow, Mixed Acacias, Leadwood, Marula, Jackalberry.

Stunted Knob-Thorn Savannah

Animals: Lion, Cheetah, Hyena, Kudu, Giraffe, Impala, Wildebeest, Zebra, Buffalo
Camps: Satara (Restcamp), Nwanetsi (Bushveld camp.)
Trees: Leadwood, Fever Tree, Sycamore Fig, Magic Guarri, Stunted Knob Thorn, Jackalberry.

Knob-Thorn Marula Savannah

Animals: Lion, Cheetah, Hyena, Kudu, Giraffe, Steenbok, Wildebeest, Zebra, Buffalo
Camps: Satara (Restcamp), Nwanetsi (Bushveld camp), Lower Sabie (Restcamp), Crocodile Bridge (Restcamp)
Trees: Leadwood, Wilddate Palm, Tamboti, Lala Palm, Knob Thorn, Umbrella Thorn.

Olifants Rugged Veld

Animals: Lion, Hyena, Kudu, Giraffe, Elephant, Zebra, Waterbuck
Camps: Olifants (Restcamp), Balule (Restcamp), Roodewal (Bushveld camp)
Trees: Leadwood, Fever Tree, Sycamore Fig, Thorny Cluster leaf, Knob Thorn, White Seringa.

Delagoa Thorn Thicket

Animals: Lion, Leopard, Cheetah, Kudu, Giraffe, Elephant, Waterbuck, Zebra, White Rhino
Camps: Satara (Restcamp), Lower Sabie (Restcamp), Crocodile Bridge (Restcamp)
Trees: Rock Fig, Delagoa Thorn, Magic Guarri.

Sabie / Crocodile Thorn Thicket

Animals: Lion, Leopard, Wild Dog, Kudu, Giraffe, Elephant, Hippo, Buffalo, White / Black Rhino
Camps: Skukuza (Restcamp), Mbyamiti (Bushveld camp), Lower Sabie (Restcamp), Jock of the Bushveld (Private camp), Crocodile Bridge (Restcamp), Jakkalsbessie (Bushveld camp)
Trees: Tamboti, Knob Thorn, Magic Guarri, Green Thorn, Sausage Tree, Marula.

Malelane Mountain Bushveld

Animals: Hyena, Kudu, Wild Dog, Impala, Waterbuck, Reedbuck, White Rhino
Camps: Pretoriuskop (Restcamp), Berg-en-Dal (Restcamp), Malelane (Bushveld camp)
Trees: Tamboti Bushwillow, Magic Guarri, Wilddate Palm, Mountain Seringa.

Pretoriuskop Sourveld

Animals: Lion, Wild Dog, Jackal, Kudu, Impala, Giraffe, Reedbuck, White Rhino
Camp: Pretoriuskop (Restcamp)
Trees: Tamboti, Bushwillow, Magic Guarri, Silver Cluster leaf, Mountain Seringa, Sickle Bush.

Kruger Park Ecology by Region

While Stevenson-Hamilton believed in 'a balance of Nature', evidence suggests that the natural environment is never in a constant state of e...more

The Ecology of Kruger National Park

The bed of the Mphongolo River in northern Kruger is framed by a tall apple-leaf, while flowering knobthorns add a colourful backdrop. Many ...more
Kruger National Park - South African Safari