FAQ on African Primates

Baboon troop.
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Introduction

The smaller primates of Africa such as Baboons and Monkeys are of the more common inhabitants. They live in trees and mountains and their most feared predator is the Leopard. The primates of Africa are usually found in woodlands with rocky areas near water but seldom in open grassland.

Why do Baboons have big muzzles?

Baboons probably developed features like big muzzles because of their food preference and as a way to defend themselves. The muzzle holds a set of vicious looking teeth with large canines that help them to protect themselves in case of intense competition and to defend themselves against their most feared adversary the Leopard.

Why do monkeys call so much?

This is usually a signal to other members of the group that danger is approaching. They will often run away but still look in the direction of the alarming source so as to be alert to any sudden attack.

Why do primates groom so much?

There are two main reasons why primates groom one another, to curb parasites and for social bonding. Primates carry parasites in their fur which they pick it up as they move around. Not only does grooming clean and comb the fur, but it is a much needed social bonding skill. Baboons probably use this technique the most of all primates and the times you will see them grooming is just after sunrise and just before sunset, or when the troop is resting.



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