Information for the Disabled Traveller visiting Kruger Park

Elephants crossing a river in Kruger park

Information Courtesy of Chris Patton


Access - Kruger Park For Disabled Travellers

Siyabona Africa Travel is fast becoming one of the leading Kruger National Park destination package specialists, and in doing so, have also considered and made available their services for visitors to the Kruger National Park with physical disabilities.

Kruger is an enormous tract of land (approximately 2 million hectares) offering the visitor a large variety of accommodation types and other facilities and activities. Visitors with physical and mobility difficulties can enjoy many of these offerings.

The access in camps to all receptions, shops, restaurants, lookout points and other public use areas is almost always ramped and accessible public ablution facilities are available at all 12 main Rest Camps except Punda Maria and Orpen, although public toilets at these camps can be accessed with limited assistance.

In addition, a brochure was compiled by a staff member of South African National Parks in a wheelchair, who visited all the described places and assessed them in terms of their accessibility potential for visitors with restricted mobility, particularly those in wheelchairs, with prams or with other mobility assisting devices.

Access from the perspective of a wheelchair user is used as a yardstick and the grading is done from his subjective opinion.

Accommodation

This is a summary of accommodation with accessible facilities for people with disabilities in the major Kruger National Park Rest Camps. In addition several other units may be accessible, but without adapted facilities (visitors capable of using baths find some of the larger units more than adequate) - especially the guest cottages at the 2 Rest Camps Letaba and Satara and at each of the 5 Bushveld Camps.

Two of the Bushveld Camps, Talamati and Biyamiti have large mobile metal ramps that they position at the entrance of any unit they are instructed will host guests with mobility difficulties.

  • Berg-en-Dal: 2x6-bed family cottage; Accessible ablutions for campers; Bath/Bath in camping facilities
  • Crocodile Bridge: 2x3-bed bungalow/1x2-bed safari tent; Accessible ablutions for campers; Shower / Separate shower & toilet for safari tent and campers
  • Letaba: 2x2-bed bungalow/1x2-bed safari tent; Accessible ablutions for campers; Bath in bungalows/communal bath for tent -a roll-in shower is located next to the restaurant
  • Lower Sabie: 1x3-bed bungalow/3x2-bed self equipped safari tent; Accessible ablutions for campers; Bath in bungalow/Shower in safari tents/2 separate accessible shower units for campers
  • Mopani: 2x4-bed bungalow; Shower
  • Olifants: 1x3-bed bungalow; Bath
  • Orpen: None; None
  • Pretoriuskop: 2x2-bed bungalow; Shower
  • Punda Maria: None; Accessible ablutions for campers; Bath (no grab rails) in communal ablution block
  • Satara: 2x2-bed bungalow; Accessible ablutions for campers; One bath, one shower/roll-in shower for campers
  • Shingwedzi: 4x5-bed bungalow (2 beds in loft)/Accessible ablutions for campers; Bath/roll-in shower for campers
  • Skukuza:8x2-bed bungalow/1x6-bed guest house/2x2-bed luxury riverside bungalows (6x shower, 2x bath)/Both/Shower (no seat for transfer)
In addition the following satellite camp has accessible accommodation
  • Tamboti: 1x2-bed safari tent and 1x4-bed safari tent with communal facilities; one 3-bed safari tent with self equipped facilities; Accessible shower and toilet at communal block / Shower

Advice for Travellers with Disabilities

  • Should visitors require accommodation with accessible facilities for physical impairment, they must inform the reservation office when making their booking
  • Visitors with inflatable tyres are advised that thorns are a potential risk - though not generally a problem at main tourism destination. However as a precaution, spare tubes, puncture repair kits or heavy-duty tyres are recommended
  • Accessible ablution facilities are indicated in the textTravelling with an inflatable back cushion with suction points is a good idea for showers and baths. Folded towels make comfortable seat padding
  • People susceptible to extreme heat should note that summer temperatures (particularly December to February) can be extremely high
  • The park is in a malaria area. While spraying of the camp facilities is done there is a potential risk. The late summer months (February to April) are the most vulnerable times. Visitors who take medication should check with their doctor to determine whether they can take certain prophylactics
Activities
  • Game Drives: The Park takes visitors out on guided night and morning game drives. With no specific adapted vehicles, interested wheelchair users will have to be lifted onto the vehicles
  • Disability Tour Operators: Certain private operators specialize in tours for people with disabilities. They have adapted vehicles and in some cases adapted tents for camping. Details of recommended ones can be found on adjacent pages
  • Bush Braais (barbeques) and Breakfasts: Certain camps offer visitors the opportunity of having a meal around a campfire or breakfast in the bush. Transport restrictions are the same as on game drives.
  • Walks and Trails: For safety reasons in the presence of many dangerous animals, people with mobility difficulties are not permitted on guided walks through the bush
Transport and Tours
  • Hire of hand-controlled vehicle: Tourists wishing to make use of hand-controlled vehicles can do so by contacting a Siyabona Africa consultant. Hand control vehicles can be arranged for the mobility impared persons wanting to do self drives. A hand control is fitted on Budget Car Hire group D (automatic) vehicles only. These hand control requests must be booked in advance because it takes time to fit these controls.
  • One of the challenges facing people with disabilities, particularly those with mobility impairment is that of transport. Siyabona Africa is able to assist any disabled travellers in experiencing the Kruger National Park by making use of our specialist guides in that area.
  • We conduct all game viewing activities in open game drive vehicles on programs that are tailor-made to suit your specific needs. We combine these programs with accommodation and facilities within Kruger National Park as well as the many private lodges on reserves bordering the park.

Picnic options for disabled travellers

Picnic Sites and Lookout Points in Kruger with accessible ablution facilities:

Picnic Site
Nearest Rest Camps
AfsaalMalelane, Berg-en-Dal, Pretoriuskop, Skukuza, Biyamiti
NkuhluSkukuza, Lower Sabie
TshokwaneSkukuza, Lower Sabie, Satara
N'wanetsiSatara
TimbavatiOrpen (Tamboti and Maroela), Satara, Olifants
MasoriniLetaba, Olifants, Shimuwini
BabalalaPunda Maria, Shingwedzi, Sirheni
Pafuri (partially)Punda Maria, Shingwedzi, Sirheni

Picnic Sites without accessible ablutions are available at Mlondozi Dam, Orpen Dam, Nhlanguleni, Muzandzeni and Mooiplaas. Other destinations or facilities in Kruger enabling physical access that are recommended:

Destination
Nearest Rest Camps
Rhino TrailBerg-en-Dal (Partially accessible)
Nthandanyathi Hide
Lower Sabie and Crocodile Bridge
Riverside Trail
In Skukuza
Sweni Hide
Satara
Ratel Pan
Orpen (Tamboti and Maroela), Satara, Olifants
Elephant Museum
In Letaba
Riverside Trail
In Letaba (partially accessible)
Matambeni Hide
Letaba (Access path is steep and rugged)
Shipandani Hide
Mopani
Nyawutsi Hide
Shingwedzi
Several other destinations may offer some degree of access but are not holistically accessible to people with mobility difficulties.

Siyabona Africa has researched the 12 Standard Self-Catering Rest Camps, the 7 Private Self-Catering Bush Camps, the 4 Rustic Self-Catering Camps, the park entrance gates, the numerous picnic sites and other get-out points that are scattered throughout the park. (NB It does not include the privately operated concession sites).

Regional Overview - Areas And Gates

Southern Region (between the Crocodile and Sabie Rivers):
Berg-en-Dal, Biyamiti, Crocodile Bridge, Lower Sabie, Malelane, Pretoriuskop and Skukuza
Central Region (between the Sabie and Olifants Rivers):
Balule, Orpen (with Maroela and Tamboti as satellite camps), Roodewal, Satara and Talamati)
Northern Region (between the Olifants River and the Tropic of Capricorn):
Boulders, Letaba, Mopani, Olifants and Shimuwini
Far Northern Region (between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Limpopo River):
Bateleur, Punda Maria, Shingwedzi and Sirheni

Berg-en-Dal Area - Southern Region

Berg-en-Dal is accessed through the Malelane Gate
The gate has accessible toilets equipped with accessible facilities. There is a small step into the reception desk.

Malelane Private Camp and Campsite

The camp has no accessible facilities. One of the huts has no step at its entrance, but the ablution facilities are inadequate. Until accessible facilities are in place the camp is not a suitable destination.

Berg-en-Dal Camp ***

As one of the more modern major camps Berg-en-Dal has many features that make it accessible. However there are many aspects of the camp's design that have been presented in the incorrect manner. Mobility around the camp is easily achieved via the bricked roads and pathways.

The reception, restaurant and cafeteria are all accessible to a wheelchair user. The public toilet facilities at the camp's reception have suitable adaptations. The ramp into the men's ablution facilities is awkwardly constructed and will be challenging to some wheelchair users.

The highlighting feature of Berg-en-Dal is the 'rhino trail' along the camp's perimeter that is accessible to the visually disabled. From mobility perspectives the beginning of the trail is over a flat, bricked surface and allows people an excellent vista over the adjacent dam. Further along the trail descends down steps.

The ramp that has been constructed, as an alternative to the steps is particularly steep and some wheelchair users will require assistance. Once past this major obstacle, the trail is quite rugged and there is a risk of thorns. There are current plans to upgrade the trail further and promote its accessibility to both wheelchair users and the visually impaired. A look and listen vista, a hide and a frog pound are among those features planned to enhance use of this trail.

Berg-en-Dal has conference and wedding facilities. The indoor and outdoor sections are accessible by ramps and linked to the camps restaurant facilities. Accessible ablutions are available inside the inside the conference facility. Out of the 80 units in the camp, three have accessible adaptations.

One is a 3 bed bungalow, and the other two units are both 6-bed family cottages. One of the three campsite ablutions are accessible, with only one bath and toilet with grab rails, however there is no roll-in shower.

Afsaal **

Afsaal is a picnic site on a relatively flat piece of land. The kiosk is accessible and there is a grab rail at one of the toilets. The cooking facilities are also accessible. Soft sand impairs movement for wheelchair users in places.

Lower Sabie/Crocodile Bridge Area - Southern Region

Lower Sabie and Crocodile Bridge are accessed through the Crocodile Bridge Gate, although Lower Sabie can also be accessed via the Paul Kruger Gate.

Crocodile Bridge Rest Camp and Gate ***

The gate is at the entrance to the camp. There is sufficient parking space in good shade. The gate guard will offer to assist anyone who needs help. The reception office, together with a small shop, is easily accessed in a wheelchair. The camp itself is a small one (20 huts) and access around it is facilitated via bricked roads.

The ablution facilities for campers and day visitors have a separate unisex toilet/shower equipped with accessible facilities. One of the new permanent tents has been equipped with a ramp to facilitate accessibility. One of the communal washing up and cooking platforms has ramped access.

Two huts have been adapted for use by wheelchair users and contains 3 single beds. In terms of self-catering, the huts contain a refrigerator, a stove (with clearance space beneath), a sink, a table and 2 cupboards containing crockery and utensils. The braai area has been linked to the unit with a cement causeway.

Hippo Pool

The path to the pool is over rough terrain and the game guard cannot accept the responsibility of ensuring the safety of people in wheelchairs. The nearby rocks, where visitors may also disembark, are not accessible to persons in wheelchairs or with other severe mobility impairment.

Biyamiti Bushveld Camp *

None of the accommodation units have specific accessible facilities and there are high steps into each unit. However the camp provides a mobile ramp that is put to use when persons in wheelchairs stay at the camp. Visitors able to make use of baths will be able to use this camp quite comfortably.

Access around the camp is achievable over firm, dirt roads, but the trail along the camp's perimeter fence is very rough in places and not suitable for use by wheelchair users.

Lower Sabie Rest Camp ***

Access from the parking area is down a fairly steep ramp, but once this is negotiated the reception, shop, restaurant and deck are all on one level and movement opportunity is excellent. There is a unisex accessible toilet for day-visitors behind the reception.

The camp proper is gently sloped and access around it is achieved over brick roads or grass lawns. The communal ablution facilities for campers include 2 separate accessible ablution facilities with grab-rails next to the toilet and roll-in showers. 5 bungalows, 3 safari tents and 1 guest house are equipped with ramps and adapted ablutions for guests in wheelchairs.

Lower Sabie is the Rest Camp with the second largest number of accessible units for disabled travellers after Skukuza. 2 unisex wheelchair ablutions facilities, one in the south and one in the north block is available in the camping section.

All the wheelchair units are fitted with a roll-in shower. One of the bungalows has a bath with grab rails. The tents have 2 single beds, a table and 2 chairs, electricity, fan, fridge/freezer, a 2-plate hotplate with utensils.

Mlondozi Dam *

>Although the lookout vista can be accessed easily, the toilets and cooking area are inaccessible.

Nkumbe *

The vista point has a small curb that may require assistance to traverse. There are no accessible toilets.

Ntandanyathi Bird Hide ***

A new bird hide on the S28 is ramped and space for wheelchair viewing has been created inside (like most hides, there are no ablution facilities at the hide itself).

Pretoriuskop Area - Southern Region

Pretoriuskop is best accessed through the Numbi Gate.

Numbi Gate **

There is an accessible toilet. Some wheelchair users may require limited assistance to access the curio stalls and the reception office.

Pretoriuskop Rest Camp ***

Parking space is adequate. The reception area has a couple of steps at the front entrance. A back entrance with a low step is the current alternative, but the camp has been encouraged to address this issue. There is a unisex accessible ablution block behind the reception.

The gradient of the ramp at the entrance may trouble those people with limited hand movement. Both the restaurant and shop are easily accessible down smooth surfaced ramps. Both allow ease of movement and offer comfortable use.

The camp's swimming pool and slide-show amphitheatre are both difficult to access in a wheelchair. There are 3 huts adapted for use by persons in wheelchairs. They are incidentally the huts furthest away from the reception, shop and restaurant facilities.

While the hut itself is appropriately designed, the braai facility is accessed over rough ground. There are also several other accommodation units that can be accessed without assistance, however they have no accessible toilets.

Two of the communal ablution facilities have accessible toilets, while one of these has an accompanying accessible shower. The camp has a perimeter walk aimed at informing visitors more about the surrounding environment. The trail currently has no pathway and users are compelled to traverse over rough ground.

Stronger wheelchair users will be able to make their way around the trail. Suggestions to make the trail universally accessible will hopefully come to fruition.

Albasini Ruins *

The display depicting the ruin's history is up a step. The ruins themselves are cordoned off from direct public access. The cooking facilities are accessible, but there are no accessible toilets.

Phabeni Gate - Southern Region

Phabeni Gate opened on December 15, 2002.

Skukuza Area - Southern Region

Skukuza is accessed through the Paul Kruger Gate.

Paul Kruger Gate **

The gate has ample parking and there are accessible toilets. The reception area is easily accessed. There are curio stalls in the immediate vicinity.

Skukuza Rest Camp ***

Skukuza is the Park's largest camp. It also has the most infrastructure. The camp's reception area is accessible with drop curves providing access from the parking area to the buildings, which include the reception office, a bank, a post office and public toilets (including an accessible toilet) amongst others.

The auto-bank is up a step and is thus inappropriate for wheelchair users. The camp's shop, restaurant and cafeteria are all easily accessed in a wheelchair, as is movement along the camp's riverfront fence adjacent to and overlooking the Sabie River.

A paved path provides excellent access along the water edge, although the path is steep in places. There are accessible toilets next to the cafeteria. The camp has several display features such as a museum hut, the Stevenson-Hamilton Memorial Library, an information centre and an auditorium. Only the library is inaccessible. Wheelchair users will need to be pulled up the stairs to access this facility.

The camp has eight 2-bed bungalows with accessible facilities (6 with showers and 2 with baths). There are also an accessible 6-bedded cottage with bath and shower facilities and 2 luxury riverside bungalows with accessible ablutions [the showers of these units while roll-in with no impeding curbs, have no fold-down seat (Wheelchair users can either use one of the chairs from the units' verandas or shower in their own wheelchair)].

Airport *

The airport is a rudimentary one. The airport staff assists passengers off the plane via airline wheelchairs and down a mobile ramp. Access to the building is facilitated up a steep ramp where assistance may be required.

The same applies to an internal ramp. No adapted accessible toilets are present, although a wheelchair user can access the ablutions with little difficulty.

Nursery

Access around the nursery is difficult, as many of the aisles are too narrow for passage in a wheelchair. There are no accessible features present.

Lake Panic Bird Hide *

The hide is badly designed in terms of accessibility for a wheelchair user. There is a gum pole at the hide's entrance (to reduce erosion) that is difficult to negotiate. The ensuing path to the hide is good at first but then descends down a steep slope and erosion has made the path rough.

Once inside however the viewing slot is at an appropriate height and a bench has been removed to allow access to this slot.

Stevenson Hamilton Memorial

This is a get-out point with a path to a memorial plaque. The path passes over and between boulders and is not accessible to a person in a wheelchair.

Nkuhlu *

Nkuhlu is a picnic site where a ramp has been specially constructed to allow wheelchair users the opportunity to descend from the parking lot down to the pathway adjacent the river's edge.

Kruger Tablets

This is a get-out point where a memorial plaque has been embedded in rock. Reaching the plaque in a wheelchair requires assistance and such visitors are better off reading the plaque through binoculars.

Satara Area - Central Region

The Satara/Orpen Area is accessed through the Orpen Gate where the camp of the same name is situated.

Satara Rest Camp ***

Satara is the Park's second largest Rest Camp. It is 48km from Orpen Gate. There are 6 bungalows in the Rest Camp with accessible facilities. The ablutions have a shower facility. The guest cottages have ramps and bathrooms (with baths) that are spacious but contain no specific adapted facilities.

This Rest Camp is situated over flat terrain and access is made easy by the paved roads that lead around all the accommodation units. Access into and inside the camp's restaurant, reception and shop is easily achieved.

The communal washing-up facilities are on a raised level that requires assistance to be accessed. There is an accessible toilet with shower in the camping site.

Orpen Rest Camp and Gate *

Orpen has no accessible facilities. There is a ramp into the reception and shop area. The camp is situated on level terrain. The communal toilets have ramps but otherwise are not suitable. Three of the six-bedded chalets are however easily accessed.

Maroela Camping Site

4km from Orpen, there are no accessible facilities available at this campsite.

Tamboti Tent Camp ***

5km from Orpen, Tamboti is a beautiful camp situated on the banks of the Timbavati River. Although the camp is a basic one, the camp is very accessible. There are three accessible units each with a ramped entrance.

One 2-bed and one 4-bed communal tents and one 3-bed equipped tent (2 beds and a sleeper couch) is available. The nearby ablution facilities and washing-up facilities are communal, and include a separate accessible ablution block with roll-in shower and toilet with assisting grab rails.

Rabelais Hut *

>7km from Orpen, the hut is a museum display. It is of old design with a narrow entrance door and small step. However once inside the floor is flat and a wheelchair user can approach all the photographic displays.

Bobejaan's Krans *

Midway between Orpen and Satara, this is a lookout point over the Timbavati River. It is an area of relatively smooth levelled ground where visitors may alight from their vehicles to admire the view and scan for animals.

N'wanetsi Lookout and Picnic Site **

The park's honorary rangers have done an excellent job in making this difficult site accessible to the physically impaired. Access to the toilets, the eating and cooking areas has been facilitated by the placement of brick paving. Access to the washing-up area is still required.

The marvellous lookout hide has also been made accessible through paving of the pathway. The path however is extremely steep and assistance is required.

Sweni Bird Hide **

Very close to N'wanetsi this hide has been recently constructed. The entrance gate is kept closed by a strong recoiling spring. This is to prevent entry by wild animals, and makes unassisted entry and exit in a wheelchair difficult. The path to the hide is down a moderate slope and the surface is a gravel one. Some wheelchair users may require assistance.

Once inside, there are fixed benches for visitors to use. There is however sufficient space between benches for wheelchair users to effectively access the viewing slot. Nearest ablutions are at the N'wanetsi Picnic Site a couple of km away.

Tshokwane Picnic Site **

50km from Satara/ 43km from Skukuza/ 44km from Lower Sabie, the site is on a level surface although soft sand impairs free movement in places. The kiosk is accessible. There are 2 toilet blocks.

Visitors with disabilities should note that there is an accessible toilet only at the block on the left-hand side of the parking.

Eileen Orpen Dam *

4km from Tshokwane, the Orpen Dam has a viewing hide on the hillside overlooking the dam. The paving of the path, which is down a fairly steep gradient, has facilitated access to the hide. Some wheelchair users may require assistance. The toilets are not accessible.

Nhlanguleni *

59km from Satara/ 27km from Tshokwane, Nhlanguleni is a small and rustic picnic site on a relatively smooth and flat surface. The cooking and eating facilities are accessible, but the toilets are not.

Talamati Bushveld Camp *

28km from Orpen, the camp is on a level surface that is easily negotiated in a wheelchair. There is however a risk of thorns and soft sand is present in places. There is a mobile ramp that can be moved to facilitate access to any of the camp's 15 chalets.

While none of these units contain accessible facilities to visitors with disabilities, they are nonetheless relatively user friendly, with accessible toilets and baths. The camp has 2 viewing hides, both of which are accessed up ladders.

Muzandzeni *

Situated 33km from Satara, this is another small and rustic picnic site on a relatively smooth and flat surface. The cooking and eating facilities are accessible, but the toilets are not.

Timbavati Picnic Site ***

25km from Satara/46km from Olifants is this delightful little picnic site overlooking the Timbavati River. The eating and cooking facilities are on a relatively smooth and level surface. Access to the toilets and washing-up facilities has been facilitated by the placement of brick pathways.

The toilets have the necessary adaptations and although the slope may be steep for some wheelchair users, they are easily accessible.

Ratel Pan Hide (Piet Grobler Dam) ***

About 5km north of the Timbavati Picnic Site on the Piet Grobler Dam, this hide was completed in July 1999. Access and space inside is good. The protective spring in the gate is strong to keep out animals and may require assistance from a companion to open. Like most hides, no ablution facilities are provided. However there are accessible toilets at the nearby (4km Timbavati Picnic Site).

Roodewal Private Camp *

This quaint little camp is situated 33km from Olifants. No accessible facilities exist, but the camp is on a flat firm surface and toilets and baths can be accessed. The showers however are not accessible to wheelchair users.

Movement around the camp is easily achieved, although there is a high risk of thorns. The camp's vista lookout point is up a couple of steps, but once a wheelchair has been lifted up, the platform is level.

Balule Private Camp and Camping Site

10km from Olifants, no accessible facilities occur in either the private or the camping section.

Olifants/Letaba Area - Northern Region

Phalaborwa Gate *

Olifants and Letaba are accessed through the Phalaborwa Gate, which has a picnic site on firm level ground. There is no accessible toilet and there is a ramp into the entry office.

Olifants Rest Camp ***/*

83km from the Phalaborwa Gate/32km from Letaba, the Olifants Rest Camp is built on a hill overlooking the Olifants River. Despite the difficult topography the camp has made excellent efforts to accommodate visitors with impaired mobility.

The reception area, the restaurant and the shop have all been fitted with ramps of suitable gradient. There are adapted toilets for day visitors. Access to the camp's highlight, the lookout over the Olifants River, has been facilitated by the construction of a ramp that has been orientated so as to provide suitable gradient down a steep incline.

The camp's greatest weakness is that currently there is only one two-bedded hut that has been fitted with accessible ablution facilities (bath only), however certain other huts are partially accessible and plans are afoot to see that access to suitable ablution facilities is provided. The difficult terrain of the camp means that the walk around the camp's perimeter is not accessible to wheelchair users.

Olifants Lookout Point *

6km from Olifants Camp is a river lookout point on a level, yet stony, surface. Visitors may alight from their vehicles to admire the view and spot game in the river valley below.

N'wamanzi Lookout Point **

Another lookout point on the Olifants River some 8km from Olifants Camp. The surface is tarred and visitors may alight from their vehicles to view the river below.

Letaba Rest Camp ***

51km from Phalaborwa Gate and 32km from Olifants, Letaba is a predominantly accessible venue. The camp has three accessible units, each with ramped entrances in the camp, one 2-bed and one 4-bed communal tents and one 3-bed equipped tent (2 beds and a sleeper couch).

In addition there are several other units that have no step and can be entered by a person in a wheelchair without assistance. The camp has a paved pathway around its perimeter, however negotiating this from start to finish in a wheelchair is inhibited by the presence of steps. However most of the path along the Letaba River is accessible.

The remainder of the camp is accessible via the paved roads that run throughout the camp. The reception, restaurant, shop, cafeteria and auditorium are all very accessible and there are adapted public toilets behind the elephant hall and east of the restaurant (also realised with a shower).

The Rest Camp's highlight is the elephant hall that details the life cycle of these pachyderms and displays the tusks and histories of some of the Park's big tuskers. The hall is fully accessible to wheelchair users.

Engelhard Lookout Point *

16km from Letaba, this lookout point offers an excellent vista of the Letaba River. The surface is firm and relatively flat. Visitors may alight from their vehicles.

Matambeni Bird Hide *

On the second access road to the Engelhard Dam on the road to the lookout point a hide has been constructed. There is a recoil spring at the entrance gate and the path is down a moderate slope over a rough gravel surface.

However once inside there is sufficient space between the bench seats to allow wheelchair users to access the viewing slot.

Masorini Ruins *

10km from the Phalaborwa Gate/ 41km from Letaba, the ruins have a picnic site with adapted toilet facilities and cooking facilities. The eating tables are on a raised platform that requires assistance to get onto the higher level.

The ruins and the paths leading to each of the displays are on a steep kopje (small hill) and are not accessible to mobility-impaired visitors.

Mopani Area - Northern Region

The Mopani area in Kruger National Park is 74km from the Phalaborwa Gate (cf. Letaba/Olifants).

Mopani Rest Camp ***

Mopani is the most modern of the Park's major Rest Camps. Consequently the access of the camp to guests with physical disabilities was catered for during the camp's construction. All the public facilities such as the reception, day visitor picnic area, restaurant, shop, and cafeteria are accessible and each has an accompanying accessible toilet.

In addition the camp has a lookout platform and a ladies bar, both of which overlook the impressive Pioneer Dam in the valley below. Both of these facilities are accessed down ramps.

In addition to the public facilities, the camp has two 4-bedded chalets with accessible facilities. One of these has a steep path from the parking zone. There is a swimming pool, but no accessible access point is provided.

Mooiplaas *

Mooiplaas is a picnic site 7km from Mopani. The site is on a firm and level surface. However both the river view site and the eating and cooking area are on raised concrete platforms.

The step up is a small one, but most wheelchair users will require an assisting boost. Once up everything is accessible. The toilets are not accessible.

Boulders Private Camp *

'Boulders' is a rudimentary private camp 19km from Mopani on quite a rough sand road. The major barrier facing a wheelchair user is that the camp is on stilts and hence a strong able-bodied assistant is required to pull such people up the stairs.

Once up however everything is on one level, and although the ablution facilities have no specific accessible features, toilets and baths are easily accessed.

Shipandani Overnight Hide ***

This hide only a few kilometres from Mopani has ramped access and spaces for wheelchairs to view from. The toilet and shower is also ramped, but with no assisting rails.

Shimuwini Bushveld Camp *

45km from Mopani/51km from Phalaborwa Gate, Shimuwini has no adaptations to enable use by visitors with physical impairments. Some of the accommodation units however offer a level interior with accessible baths and toilets. There are single steps to enter most of these cottages.

Accessing these cottages from each of the parking areas is difficult, as there are the pathways are rough and down steep slopes. Once down to the level of the cottages there are levelled grass areas in front of each unit. From here the visitor can view the river life below. Punctures are a high risk at this camp.

Shingwedzi Area - Far Northern Region

Shingwedzi can be accessed via the Punda Maria Gate (73 km) or through the Phalaborwa Gate (137 km).

Shingwedzi Rest Camp **

On the left hand side of the camp's entrance gate is the day visitor's area, overlooking the riverbed. It is accessed over a wooden bridge, which although rickety is firm enough for easy wheelchair passage. The ground of this picnic area is both firm and flat. There are ramps into the toilets, but no accessible facilities are present.

The braai facilities are easily accessed, but like most camps there is a high step up to the washing up facility. Immediately adjacent to the day visitor area is the camp's reception, shop, cafeteria and restaurant. There is a accessible toilet and ramped slopes access everywhere. These are however steep in places.

There are also small steps into each of the buildings. The camp's accommodation is made up of two circles of huts/units and the camping site. The parking zones and open ground are over soft sand. The A-circle has four 5-bed units that have been made accessible (two beds in each unit are up stairs in the loft).

The ramps into these units are too steep and there is a low ridge into each unit. However the kitchen area and bathroom facilities are accessible. The B-Circle comprises of smaller 2-bed huts. Only one of these has a ramp but there are no accompanying accessible facilities.

There is a unisex accessible toilet and shower in the communal ablutions between the B-Circle and the camping site. All of the washing up facilities are up a step. The camp has a swimming pool, which does not have an accessible entry point, and the changing rooms have steps.

Kanniedood Dam Bird Hide

The old hide, a couple of km downstream from Shingwedzi Camp is accessed up stairs and thus not appropriate for people with mobility difficulties.

Nyawutsi Bird Hide ***

This new hide some 20km from Shingwedzi Camp on the S50 to Mopani is fully accessible. Like most hides, no ablution facilities of any kind are provided. Nearest are at Shingwedzi Camp.

Bateleur Bushveld Camp *

The reception building is up steps, but access in a wheelchair can be made by entering via the back entrance. None of the 7 chalets have accessible facilities, but there are only single steps into the units and wheelchair users can gain access in to baths in certain of the units in the ablution facilities or have a chair placed in the shower to transfer onto.

There is a remote control to operate the air-conditioning. The camp has lapa and conference facilities that are both accessible. The revamped hide is also very accessible with an access ramp and spaces between the seating benches to accommodate wheelchairs. Soft sand is an impairing factor in certain places around camp.

Tshanga

This lookout point has no accessible toilets and does not accommodate ease of movement for wheelchair users.

Babalala **

This picnic site is on flat, firm ground. The eating platform is slightly raised above ground level. There is a unisex accessible toilet.

Sirheni Bushveld Camp *

The camp has 15 chalets (ten 6-bed and five 4-bed). None have accessible facilities, but they are spacious and accessible inside. The larger units have baths that are easily accessed. The 4-bed units have baths with hand held showers, but these are more difficult to access. The camp has a communal boma that is accessed over a rough path. The camp's lookout platform is not accessible.

Punda Maria/ Pafuri Area - Far Northern Region

Punda Maria is accessed through the Punda Maria gate(9km). Pafuri can be accessed through the Punda Maria gate (62km) or through the Pafuri Gate (24km).

Punda Maria Gate *

There is a small step into reception. No accessible toilets are available.

Punda Maria Rest Camp

The camp's reception facility, restaurant and shop are accessed up a crude ramp that requires upgrading to allow for independent use. Once inside, mobility is fairly straightforward. None of the accommodation units currently have any accessible facilities, but suggested upgrading is hopefully soon to be realised.

The family cottages have bath facilities that can be accessed. The communal ablution facilities on the camp's upper level can be accessed in a wheelchair, but offer no accessible facilities. The ablutions for day visitors and campers down at the camp's lower level have been equipped with ramps that are a little on the steep side for weaker people.

There are no specific accessible facilities inside, but baths can be accessed. The lookout area and boma for camp residents can be accessed with little assistance.

Pafuri *

This is the park's northern most picnic site. It offers visitors the opportunity to disembark amongst the rich riparian vegetation of the Levuvhu River. The ground is firm and flat and mobility is good. The archaeological display is up a small step.

There is a risk of thorns along the short pathway that leads to a big tree and earth mound. There is a steepish ramp into one of the toilet facilities, but there is little room for manoeuvrability once inside.

Thulamela Archaeological Site

This archaeological site cannot be accessed to a person in a wheelchair.

Pafuri Gate

This small and little used gate has no accessible facilities.



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