Kruger Park Wildlife Facts | Carnivores. Dogs

Bat-earred fox. Nigel Dennis

It?s interesting to note that where lions represent honest power and authority in the human consciousness, the hyaena is a universal symbol of the supernatural.

Above: Bat-earred Fox


It?s no surprise that these two beasts are archenemies. Each will attack and kill the the other?s cubs or elderly or sick individuals given the slightest opportunity. The hyaena?s giggling ?laugh? is something to experience on a dark night in the bush.

Its hysterical shrieks have the touch of lunacy that we inherently recoil from, a negativity summed up by Ernest Hemingway in The Green Hills of Africa (1935), where he wrote of: ?Fisi the hyaena, hermaphroditic self-eating devourer of the dead, trailer of calving cows, ham-stringer, potential biter-off of your face at night while you slept, sad yowler, camp follower, stinking, foul, with jaws that crack the bones the lion leaves, belly dragging, loping away on the brown plain?.

Legends from as far afield as India, the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa, all depict the hyaena as a symbol of witchcraft. In southern Africa the hyanea is often portrayed as the deliverer of a sangoma?s evil spells, and its body parts command a premium price in the local muthi market.

Main Canine Predators

Spotted HyaenaSpotted Hyaena (Crocuta crocuta)
Shona name
Bere
Favoured prey
Impala, wildebeest, waterbuck and kudu.
Hunting techniques
High-stamina hunters that will collectively isolate their victim, chase it and disembowel it; they are also effective scavengers.
Habitat
Woodland and open savanna.
Where best to see them in Kruger
Throughout Kruger but mostly in central savanna and around Skukuza.

Wild DogWild Dog (Lycaon pictus)
Shona name
Mhumbi
Favoured prey
Impala, kudu, waterbuck, reedbuck and other small game.
Hunting techniques
A pack will try to isolate an animal from the herd and then chase it in relays, snapping at the animal until it is exhausted and falls from shock or loss of blood.
Habitat
Mixed woodland and open savanna.
Where best to see them in Kruger
Mixed woodlands and open savanna throughout Kruger but more common in the south-west.

Other Canine Predators

Black-backed JackalBlack-backed Jackal (Canis mesomelas)
Characteristics
Medium-sized dog with reddish body colour, black saddle on the back and black-tipped tail; both diurnal and nocturnal; solitary or in pairs in woodland and grassland.
Food
Scavenges on carrion but also hunts hares, birds, rodents, insects; will also eat fruits and in some areas has been observed hunting co-operatively for medium-sized antelope.
Where best to see them in the Kruger
Open savanna and light woodland throughout Kruger

Side-striped Jackal Side-striped Jackal (Canis adustus)
Characteristics
Medium-sized dog with overall grey appearance with a faint black and white stripe along the side and a white-tipped tail; nocturnal; solitary or in pairs in wooded country.
Food
Mainly vegetable matter such as fruits but also hunts rodents, birds, reptiles and insects; will also eat carrion.
Where best to see them in Kruger
The black-backed jackal is commo, and is often seen in the central grasslands. Generally avoids the open plains and is more of a woodland animal that also favours the Lebombo. Jackals are usually solitary animals, scavenging by night and in the early morning. They are sometimes found in family packs and in such cases hunt impala and smaller antelope. They are particularly fond of ostrich eggs.

Bat-eared FoxBat-eared Fox (Otocyon megalotis)
Characteristics
Small dog-like animal with enormous black-edged ears; colour is silvery-grey with dark legs and bushy black-tipped tail; occurs in open grassland, preferring areas with short grass or bare areas.
Food
Primarily insectivorous (mainly termites), but also recorded as eating scorpions, millipedes, mice and small reptiles.
Where best to see them in Kruger Park
Open savanna of Central and South-east Kruger.

Illustration: Chip Snaddon



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