Coastal waters, especially standing on small islands and offshore rocks.
Breeding recorded for all months except April, August and November. Eggs 2 - 3, chalky-white.
Immatures are duller black in colour.
Told by heavy-bodied appearance, crested head and usually (not always) a white rump; wings dark brown, rest black with bronze sheen.
Confined to the south-western seaboard from Swakopmund in the north to Agulhas in the south.