Vegetation and Geography of Kruger National Park's Regions


To understand the wildlife diversity of Kruger Park, it is essential to be familiar with the impact that differing geologies have on creating differing vegetation types, which in turn dictate what species will be abundant in any given region of Kruger Park.
  • Vultures in the sunset

    Ecology by Region

    While Stevenson-Hamilton believed in 'a balance of Nature', evidence suggests that the natural environment is never in a constant state of equilibrium

  • Elephants in Phalaborwa Area.

    History and Geography of Kruger National Park

    The Big Five Game Reserve known as the Kruger National Park is South Africa's largest and second oldest safari park, spanning over 19 455 km2across both

  • White Rhino at Mpanama

    Kruger Park Ecosystem

    The park is generally flat to gently undulating, with average height of 260 metres (853 feet) above sea level, with its most mountainous areas being

  • Jackals on the run

    The Central Region

    The sweet grasses that grow on fertile soils formed on shale and volcanic basalt, and an abundance of excellent browsing trees, sustain the largest

  • Yellow-billed stork in flight

    The Far North Region

    This region embraces several fascinating ecozones that differ markedly from habitats elsewhere in the Park. A total of 15 distinct plant communities have

  • Hyena female and pup

    The Northern Region

    A low-lying, sun-baked plain ranging in elevation from 300 to 450 metres, the Northern Region extends north of the Olifants River. This semi-arid region

  • Hippo grazing on the river bank

    The Southern Region

    Kruger's historic Southern Region is bordered by the Crocodile River in the south and the Sabie River in the north. In the east, along the border with


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