The Transfrontier Park AgreementThe Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park (GLTP) was established on 9 December 2002, to develop ecotourism and it joined some of the best game viewing areas in southern Africa. The treaty was signed by the presidents of Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa in Xai Xai, Mozambique.
The Transfrontier agreements can be viewed as a model of how government and private sector cooperation contribute to sustain ecotourism. The GLTP has been the recipient of funds from organizations such as the World Bank, USAID, Regional Center for Southern Africa, WWF Netherlands, Novamedia, and the Rufford Maurice Laing Foundation to conserve its diverse wildlife.
Mechanical DifficultiesDue to mechanical problems with equipment, the impala capture could not be completed and has been postponed pending a suitable time later in the year. Markus Hofmeyr, head of the veterinary wildlife services department, says the annual mass capture programme began in 2001 with the capture of 25 elephant that were released in the Limpopo National Park (LNP), of which most returned to Kruger after about six weeks to 18 months.
"Interestingly one of the herds, which did not have its collar removed returned to Mozambique where she is still roaming the LNP," says Markus. The other herds had their collars removed after they returned to Kruger so it is not certain if they too returned to LNP.
Natural Movement of Wildlife Between ParksAfter the official opening of the Giriyondo tourism access facility, sections of the fence between Kruger and the LNP have been taken down; a plan which authorities hoped would encourage the natural movement of animals between the two national parks. To date Sanparks has relocated more than 4000 animals. "All indicators show that the animals have adapted to the new distribution patterns and populations in LNP are looking healthy," says Markus.
"The fact that the animals are able to move within a bigger reserve and become part of a bigger system is better for the overall system resilience," says Markus. "The cooperative project between Mozambique and South Africa has been a huge success in terms of developing transfrontier parks."
ReferencesGreat Limpopo Transfrontier Park