Puff Adder © Graham Cooke
- Puff Adder [Bitis arietans]
- Common Puff Adder [B. a arietans], Somali Puff Adder [B. a. somalica]
- 1 100 mm
- 1 090 mm
DescriptionThis thick, heavily built snake has a large, flattened, triangular head and large nostrils which point vertically upwards. The body is yellow-brown to light brown, with black, pale-edged chevrons on the back and bars on the tail.
DistributionThroughout the subcontinent, north through the whole of Africa to Southern Arabia.
Blyde River CanyonLarge litters, usually consisting of 20 - 40 young are born in late summer.
DietRodents, sometimes birds and even other snakes.
Field NotesThe Puff Adder is responsible for more bites and fatalities in Africa than any other snake due to its habit of not moving away from approaching footsteps, instead blowing out air as a warning, hence the name.